How to perform pull ups correctly. Pull ups is a really great exercise with some good benefits. It’s one of the best exercises for working the Latissimus Dorsi/ or Lats for short (this is the muscle responsible for giving your back width) and it’s also very effective at working the biceps.
You do need a strong upper body to perform them properly, however your strength will improve with time and repetition. There are various different techniques for giving assistance when performing pull ups. Use a weight assisted pull up machine if you have trouble performing them.
Equipment needed to perform the pull up
Pull up bar
You can buy pull up bars for the home that you can fit inside a door frame, others fit over the door frame, resting on the top of the frame. Different types of pull up bars are available, some have angled grips that allow for a more natural hand position they’re often found in gyms. Other types of bars are straight, both are very effective.
Pull up variations
Different grips can be used
Palms facing forward
- Normal width – Hands just wider than shoulder width, good focus on your upper back muscles.
- Wide width – You can go as wide with the grip as you comfortably can, very difficult to perform, a wider grip is useful if the normal grip is to easy, plus it will focus even more on your lats.
Palms facing inward
- Narrow grip – also known as the chin up, much easier to perform than the palms facing forward version, it has less focus on your upper back(Lats) and more focus on the biceps.
Pull up assistance machine
This machine has a pad for you to place your knees on, this pad offers you assistance during the pull up, it has an adjustable weight which is used to aid you during the exercise.
Struggling to perform the exercise?
If you don’t have access to one of the above machines however you struggle to perform the exercise without assistance. You can place an object beneath you, for example a chair, table or bench and then you can push up with you leg to assist you until you have the necessary strength to perform the exercise without assistance.
You can also use a spotter to grab your legs and give you a little help.
Are normal pull ups to easy for you? use added weight
If doing pull ups using only your body weight becomes too easy, there’s various equipment that can be used to add weight.
- Belt and chain – Special belt and chain that you can attach weights to.
- Belt hook – The hook can be attached to a weight belt, you can add weighted plates to the base of the hook.
Behind the neck
The exercise can also be performed by having your head forward so the bar touches the back of your neck, however this is not recommended because it puts unnatural pressure on your shoulders. It’s basically bad for your rotator cuffs, so it should be avoided.
How to perform pull ups
- Grip the pull up bar just wider than shoulder width, with your palms facing forward.
- Now pull yourself up slowly until your chin is about in line with the bar, keep your legs as still as possible, cross your feet and put them behind you if it helps.
- Hold for a short moment and then slowly lower yourself back down and repeat, don’t fully straighten your arms to keep the tension on your muscles.